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English is a core subject and at Grendon School we aim to provide a high quality education in English. Enabling children to write, speak and read fluently means they are able to fully communicate their ideas to others and participate fully in society. To achieve this we teach Reading, Writing, Spelling (and at times Grammar discretely) but we also recognise the importance of embedding these skills across the wider curriculum.

Read, Write, Inc. Spelling (RWI)

In Year Two to Six children spend designated time learning spelling patterns and rules. They learn to identify root words and how to add prefixes and suffixes. The children play lots of fun spelling games to help them to remember new spellings.

Some words are considered tricky and these are approached in a different way as they can not be sounded out using phonics. A list of these common exception words can be found below.

Reception/ Year 1 (Red Words)

I the to is no go he she
of be me we my by you said
was are do so they your her his
come has there where our were one some
here love school little ask house one says
today once our friend all call old does
want saw what small why son over their
two does walk talk brother mother other father

Year 2

child people Mr Mrs
could should would any
who pretty beautiful because
every great  only again
half whole eye door
poor most kind even
hour move sure sugar
water many busy parents

Year 3 and 4

accident accidentally actual actually address
answer appear arrive believe bicycle
breath breathe build busy business
calendar caught centre century certain
circle complete consider continue decide
describe different difficult disappear early
earth eight eighth enough exercise
experience experiment extreme famous favourite
February forward fruit grammar group
guard guide heard heart height
history imagine increase important interest
island knowledge learn length library
material medicine mention minute natural
naughty notice occasion occasionally often
opposite ordinary particular peculiar perhaps
popular position possess possession possible
potatoes pressure probably promise purpose
quarter question recent regular reign
remember sentence separate special straight
strange strength suppose surprise therefore
thought through various weight woman

Year 5 and 6

accommodate accompany according achieve aggressive
amateur ancient apparent appreciate attached
available average awkward bargain bruise
category cemetery committee communicate community
competition conscience conscious controversy convenience
correspond criticise curiosity definite desperate
determined develop dictionary disastrous embarrass
environment equip especially exaggerate excellent
existence explanation familiar foreign forty
frequently government guarantee harass hindrance
identity immediately individual interfere interrupt
language leisure lighting mischievous muscle
necessary neighbour nuisance occupy occur
opportunity parliament persuade physical prejudice
privilege profession programme pronunciation queue
recognise recommend relevant rhyme rhythm
sacrifice secretary shoulder signature sincerely
soldier stomach sufficient suggest symbol
system temperature thorough twelfth variety
vegetable vehicle yacht    

Reciprocal Reading

Once the children can read fluently we focus on developing strong comprehension skills. We use a method called Reciprocal Reading. Reciprocal Reading is based around four skills:

predicting, clarifying, questioning and summarising.

It is a method that really helps children broaden their vocabulary, delve deeper into books and what the author intended, as well as developing key summarising skills. This approach is underpinned by high quality speaking and listening as children bounce off each other’s ideas to ultimately gain a much deeper understanding of texts. The children are very enthusiastic about this approach to reading and they draw ideas from reading to use in their writing.

Reading For Pleasure

We are really keen that our children are readers for life so we actively encourage the
children to read for pleasure in a variety of ways. In class, children have wide reading
opportunities. Children have a variety of exciting texts to choose from, we subscribe to the children’s newspaper, First News, so they can read about current issues and they have access to ebooks. During the year we run incentives such as a Book Review scheme, whereby if children read and review twelve books from their reading list they are reward with a Golden Ticket which is exchanged for a prize! The books on the list also form part of our World Book Day Quiz, which is very popular and again winners are rewarded with a treat.

We also have a very well stocked library which is open to children before school. The library also runs various competitions throughout the year to encourage and reward reading for pleasure. For Library Times click here

First News

First News is a children’s newspaper that we subscribe to at Grendon. It communicates important and relevant issue and easy to understand and sensitive way. It also contains lots light-hearted stories and fun news quizzes. First News is an excellent way of broadening children’s general knowledge. The website also advice and how to talk to
your children about things they have seen in the news.


We are eager to foster our budding authors so our writing units make it clear to the children what they need to do to succeed in writing. Children always start by looking at a WAGOLL (What A Good One Looks Like.) From there the children learn all the skills and language features they need to be successful before writing their own version. This may include key grammar and punctuation, new vocabulary or how to use similes or metaphors. Children are encouraged to take ownership of their work by highlighting where the key language features have been included in their work. Finally children proofread and edit to really improve their work further.

Phonics at Grendon (Read, Write, Inc)

We follow the Read, Write Inc. phonics scheme at Grendon.

Below is a copy of the Parent Booklets that have been sent out. If you have any other questions, please contact your class teacher.

The way we pronounce sounds is VERY important and helps children learn how to blend sounds and spell words. The video below is really good at demonstrating how we do this:


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You can find lots of useful guides to how you can help your child read and write their sounds and words by looking at the Ruth Miskin (Read, Write, Inc) Youtube page that can be found HERE

Online Learning

Oxford Owl - This site has lots of useful information about Maths, Reading and writing. It also has games and ideas for things to do.

Teach Your Monster to Read - covers everything from letters and sounds to reading full sentences

Look, Cover, Write, Check - A spelling game

Squiggle Park - Choose between early reading skills or older comprehension - create a log in for free to access 

Storylineonline - Listen to a range of stories online

Teach your Monster to Read - A fabulous reading resource

Pick a Phoneme - Learn your sounds with this interactive game

PhonicsPlay - A great phonics website

Phonics Bloom - More fantastic phonics resources

Spelling Shed - keep practising those spellings! (14 day trial)